How to repair a laminate flooring
The laminate floor is a material composed of various layers of wood fiber and resin with a protective film and a decorative surface sheet that looks like the parquet. Laminate flooring is a modern, economical and impressive solution that is widely used lately.
However, a laminate floor also has its downsides. Most of the problems you can have with a laminate floor are generally covered by the warranty. However, usury and damage resulting from accidents or unintended uses are not usually included in the list of damages covered under warranty.
Scratches, cracks, and chips caused by everyday use are normal and do not mean that the floor is permanently damaged. It is not necessary to live with any flaw in your floor.
Learning how to repair laminate flooring that is separating is possible, and it is useful in case you do not want to hire and pay handsomely, a professional. So, how do you repair damaged laminate flooring? Let’s get down to it!
What you’ll need
- Repair kit for laminate floors
- Axis of laminated wood
- Floor adhesive
- Wet rag
- Dry rag
Method 1: How to repair minor scratches of laminate flooring
- Clean the damaged area and make sure the floor is dry before proceeding.
- Buy a repair kit for laminate floors. They exist in different colors, so you will surely be able to find one that will adapt to the color of your floor. If you have a loose piece of floor available, take it with you when you go to the store where you can buy the repair kit, in order to better compare the color.
- Cover the scratches or opening with the grout or stick included in the laminate floor repair kit. The grout or wax will fill the cavity left by the scratch. You can use a knife or a spatula to press the grout into the cavities created by larger scratches.
- Use a dry rag to remove excess grout or wax remaining on the undamaged floor surface.
Method 2: How to repair major damage near the edges
- Remove the skirting from the wall. Perform this operation carefully, avoiding damaging the wall or the skirting and creating more work (and costs) than necessary. If removed in the right way, you can reapply a skirting to the wall after the floor repair operation is complete.
- Lift the floorboards starting from those on the edge. Continue to remove them until you get to the damaged axis.
- Replace the damaged axis with a new axis. The tongue and the groove of the opposite axes will interlock with each other.
- Return all previously removed axles to their places.
- Fix the skirting board (or decorative strip) to the wall again.
Method 3: How to repair major damage in hard to reach areas
- Locate the damaged axis.
- Cut a section in the middle of the identified axis. The best way to do this is to start by drilling holes with a drill (between 2.5 and 5 cm) on each side. Then cut the axis by joining the holes together.
- Remove the central part.
- Cut from the center to the edges of the remaining parts of the axis.
- Remove the protrusions on the edges.
- Cut the tongue of the new laminate axis that will replace the damaged axis.
- Apply a floor adhesive to the edges of the replacement axis.
- Insert the new axis instead of the old one. Insert the tab of the adjacent axis which is already laid on the floor in the groove of the new axis. Having removed the tab of the new axis, this should fit into the floor without problems.
- Remove excess glue with a damp cloth.
- Place a weight on the affected area. Look for a heavy object, or weights, and place them to cover the entire surface of the new laminate axis. Keep the weights still on the board for 24 hours so that the glue dries completely.
Another way to fix a damaged laminate floor
What you’ll need
- New laminate plates
- Wax crayons
- Dry cloth
- Emery paper
- Anti-scratch spray
- Analyze the cause of the damage
Among the causes that lead to excessive wear of the laminate floor, we can include the movement of heavy furniture that are often dragged on its surface, shoes with stiletto heels (in this case, it is always advisable to use carpets during the day or avoid using thin-heeled shoes by replacing them with slippers or low shoes), falling heavy on it and sharp objects piercing the surface, etc.
In some cases, the swelling of the laminate surface may also occur, caused by hidden and constant water losses. When the floor is excessively damaged, it is, therefore, necessary to proceed with the repair.
- Apply an anti-scratch product
The first solution to experiment with may be to use a special anti-scratch spray for laminate surfaces. You can apply this product – which is easily found on the market and costs a few dollars – to the damaged area when the scratch or damage is not very deep.
The anti-scratch spray acts by coloring the laminate and “filling” the scratches. Make sure that the color of the product used is the same as the floor, to avoid annoying chromatic disproportions.
- Adopt the putty process
If your floor has more or less deep scratches, furrows or even dents, you can use the stucco process. First of all, you will need to purchase the appropriate wax crayons at hardware stores or major DIY centers, which will obviously have to be the same color as your laminate.
With a damp cloth, rub the part you intend to tread well so as to remove all traces of dust and dirt. Now, take the crayon and carefully pass it on the damaged surface until it completely covers the damage.
Finally, pass a dry patch to eliminate the excess and level the treated part.
- Use a sandpaper
If the damage is instead of a large area of your laminate, then it will be useful to use sandpaper to smooth the entire area. This intervention will cause the momentary loss of the polish on the floor. Therefore, to restore the right brightness, you will have to later apply some wax and remove it after about 60 minutes with the help of microfibre cloth.
- Replace the defective part
If, on the other hand, the damaged part is very evident, has swells caused by humidity, looks cracked or is completely damaged, you can directly replace the damaged floor in this way:
- Identify the wall closest to the point that needs changing.
- Remove the skirting board and begin to remove all the laminate panels one by one until you get to the damaged part.
- Remove the damaged part too.
- Apply the new panels and, finally, perfectly recompose the entire floor.
To be able to adopt this last solution, obviously, it is essential you find new panels very similar to the others so they can go side by side in order to avoid having an unattractive detachment of color which is too evident.
Check the video below to learn how to fix laminate flooring that is lifting:
To repair a damaged laminate floor, you have many options available to you. If it’s just a scratch, simply contact a DIY store and look for special wax crayons or a special putty such as those in felt pen. This must obviously be the same shade of the floor, or at least as similar as possible, so as not to make everything even more visible.
To cover the scratches, just clean the surface well and then proceed by passing the product on the scratch until it disappears or at least reduces. In any case, just follow the instructions that appear on the package, including the drying time.
If, on the other hand, the boards are particularly damaged or swollen due to water leaks or excessive humidity, you have to change the damaged part by removing the axles – which obviously must be of the same color – and replacing them with new ones. Obviously, if the root problem is not solved, these cases could occur quite often.
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